Greek God 2022

Ancient Greek Gods

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The universe of Greek mythology is extensive, as there are countless myths and homosexuals that the great Greek god had throughout his eternal life.

Mythologists and mythographers say that, with few exceptions, each Greek god has its equivalent in Roman mythology.

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The most important Greek gods of Ancient Grace

Translations in context of "greek god" in Spanish-English from Reverso Context: It received its name from the Greek god of the underworld, Tartarus.

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Each god of ancient Greece was represented with specific symbols or attributes. The culture of Ancient Greece is of enormous importance to Western culture: the Roman invaders, dazzled by its wealth, adopted it as their own and inherited its religion, changing the names of its deities to Latin. That is why we know so much about her, and that many texts of the time are preserved, in which a lot of information about her pantheon of deities can be rescued, since the Greek religion was polytheistic and complex.

The Olympic gods were many, but among them stand out 12 that we will see next. The Greeks associated them with different phenomena of nature and also different aspects of human life, and represented them as anthropomorphic figures, endowed with specific symbols in each case. Then Zeus divided the world with his brothers, leaving the heavens for himself; for Poseidon the seas and for Hades the underworld. Zeus was above all a begetting father, and the great mythological heroes were part of his numerous offspring.

He was worshiped throughout Greece, but especially in Olympia, where the Olympic Games of Antiquity were held, that is, the games in honor of the Olympian gods. Hera Juno for the Romans Greek goddess of marriage, housework, motherhood and family, held a place of authority on Olympus, as she was the sister and wife of Zeus, with whom she conceived the gods Ilithyia, Ares and Hebe.

However, she was often depicted as a jealous and vindictive wife, due to Zeus’ numerous infidelities, and would pursue persecutions against her lovers and against the illegitimate children who fathered her. Such is the case of Hercules, for example, a hero to whom he professed an eternal hatred. She was one of the first goddesses to be worshiped by the ancient Greeks, especially in the Samos region, where temples in her honor abounded, and she was honored by sacrificing peacocks and cows.

Athena Minerva for the Romans Athena was born only of Zeus, and had no mother. Also known as Pallas Athena, she was a warrior and virginal goddess, associated with human knowledge, civilization, wisdom, justice, science and freedom. Although there are other stories in which she was the daughter of Pallas or Palante, a winged giant, whom she herself had to kill when he tried to rape her.

Particularly resourceful and cunning heroes, such as Odysseus, are said to have been in favor with all people. Poseidon Neptune for the Romans God of the seas and earthquakes, was one of the wrathful gods of Olympus, whose rage engendered storms, tidal waves, sea monsters and shipwrecks, and to whom sailors prayed to provide them with a calm sea abundant in islands.

Since the Greek culture was a maritime and expansionist culture, Poseidon was one of its main deities, worshiped as head of the polis in many Greek cities such as Corinth, while in Athens he was second in importance after Athena. Like Zeus, Poseidon was the father of numerous Greek heroes, including the famous Theseus, but also of many terrible animals and monsters.

Aphrodite Venus for the Romans The goddess of erotic love, that is, of sensuality, eroticism and unbridled passion, was often represented as a fickle, capricious, moody and terribly beautiful woman. She was the unfaithful wife of the god Hephaestus, whom she especially cheated on with Ares, god of war, and even with mortals from whom she conceived mythical heroes, such as the Trojan Aeneas. His adventures earned him the enmity of Artemis, whose virginity represents values ‚Äč‚Äčcompletely contrary to those of the sensuality that Aphrodite embodied.

Hephaestus Vulcan for the Romans The forge of Hephaestus was inside Mount Olympus. His forge was supposedly inside Mount Olympus. Hephaestus was the son of Hera and Zeus, in some traditions, and in others the exclusive son of Hera, who would have had him in a fit of jealousy after Zeus had Athena on his own. Also the beautiful jewels with which he entertained his wife Aphrodite, and also the gold net with which he captured her red-handed when sleeping with her lover, the god Ares.

Ares Mars for the Romans Son of Zeus and Hera, Ares was the Greek god of war, incarnation of bravery, tenacity, strength and masculine virility, protector of armies, rebels and just men, and helper of the weak. His less noble side had to do with the brutality of war, the horrors and suffering of battles.

Even he himself could be injured in combat, as happened in his confrontation with Hercules, or in his fights against his sister Athena, who was invincible in combat. Ares was a womanizing god, to whom around 30 lovers and 60 engendered descendants are attributed, although Aphrodite, among all, was always his favorite concubine, his healer and ally in war. This earned him the hatred of many jealous husbands, such as Hephaestus. Logically, Ares was revered by the military and the armies that marched into combat, and his main places of worship in Ancient Greece were Thrace and Scythia.

He was often depicted as a virile young man, hairless and clad in bronze armor, lance or sword, and red-crested helmet. Numerous attributes and interests were attributed to him. He was protector of the arts, beauty, balance, perfection, prophecy and divination, healing, the initiation of young people to adulthood, protector of shepherds, sailors and especially archers, as he was the god of archery and arrow.

Artemis Diana for the Romans Twin sister of Apollo, Artemis, also called Artemis or Delia, was a hunting goddess, associated with wild animals, virgin land, female virginity and childbirth. She was a very important goddess, venerated especially on the island of Delos, her supposed birthplace, as well as in Brauron, the young maidens were sent to the temples of the goddess to serve her for a year, or also in Munichia and Sparta.

Being a virginal goddess, she had no consorts or lovers, although the legendary hunter Orion was her companion for a time. She was a jealous, severe and vengeful goddess, of whom it is said that the young hunter Actaeon, in one of his escapades, accidentally saw her in the forest taking a bath naked.

As punishment, the goddess turned him into a fawn and set her own hunting dogs on to butcher him. Demeter or Demetra was associated with the earth, fertilization, legislation and agriculture, since it was she who taught humanity about planting and cultivation. She was worshiped especially in agricultural regions, even from very early Neolithic times, but without focusing on a specific region of the Greek world.

According to the myth, her daughter Persephone was the consort of Hades, god of the dead, after being kidnapped by him, and Demeter spent a long time searching for her all over the earth, until she begged Zeus to intercede on her behalf. It was thus that an agreement was reached between the parties: Persephone spends six months with her mother and six months with Hades, thus giving rise to the seasons.

Hermes Mercury for the Romans Hermes was the conductor of the recently deceased souls to the underworld. He was considered protector of roads, borders, trade, travelers and thieves, liars and cunning and roguery in general. Despite being the god of deception and lies, Hermes was also credited with numerous inventions: fire, racing, wrestling, the lyre and the syrinx that he offered as a gift to Apollo, and he was linked with the rooster and the turtle.

That aspect of his was known as Hermes psychopomp. Hades Pluto for the Romans Although Hades was the brother of Zeus and enjoyed the same rank as him and Poseidon, his place on Olympus used to be strange, since he inhabited the remote world of the dead, the Erebus or Underworld, whose doors were guarded by a terrible three-headed dog, the keeper.

It was a dark and misty kingdom, to which all mortals went when they died, and where, according to certain religious traditions of Ancient Greece, the transmigration of souls took place, that is, their purification and purification. oblivion to be born again.

Although those who inhabited his domain were strictly forbidden to return to the world of the living, Hades was often represented as a just and compassionate god, whose name, however, should not be repeated much. In fact, Hades was rarely depicted in paintings, vases, or sculptures, other than during the episode of Persephone’s abduction.

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